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A new target to wipe pain awayScientists at the Indiana University School of Medicine have discovered a peptide that short circuits a pathway for chronic pain. Unlike current therapys this peptide does not exhibit deleterious side effects such as reduced motor coordination, memory loss, or depression, as per an article in Nature Medicine posted online June 5, 2011.
The peptide, CBD3, has been shown in mice to interfere with signals that navigate calcium channels to........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 6/5/2011 8:58:21 PM)
Strategy to Improve Patient AdherencePhysicians can help their patients follow prescribed therapys and achieve healthier results - especially in chronic disease management - by using a three-pronged strategy developed by a team of scientists from the University of California, Riverside, Texas State University-San Marcos, and La Sierra University in Riverside, Calif.
The Information-Motivation-Strategy (IMS) Model - developed after synthesizing findings from more than 100........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 6/2/2011 7:58:53 AM)
Minorities born with heart defectsNon-Hispanic black infants born with heart defects are more likely to die within the first five years of life than their non-Hispanic white and Hispanic peers. For certain types of congenital heart abnormalities, Hispanic children as well as non-Hispanic black children fare worse than non-Hispanic white children.
These findings, detailed in a newly released study by scientists at the University of South Florida, Texas Department of State........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 4/18/2011 6:54:29 AM)
Risk of death is high in older adults with sleep apneaA study in the April 1 issue of the journal SLEEP suggests that the risk of death is more than two times higher in elderly adults who have sleep apnea and report struggling with excessive daytime sleepiness.
Results of adjusted proportional hazards modeling show that elderly adults with moderate to severe sleep apnea who reported struggling with excessive daytime sleepiness at baseline were more than twice as likely to die (hazard ratio =........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 4/1/2011 7:26:26 AM)
Changes in incidence of end-stage renal diseaseew research documenting changes in the incidence and outcomes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the U.S. between 1995 and 2006, found a significant increase in incidence rates among patients 5 to 39 years of age and in African Americans. A second related study�the largest pediatric lupus nephritis-associated ESRD study to date�revealed high rates of adverse outcomes among children with ESRD due to lupus nephritis. Despite novel therapies,........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/28/2011 7:12:40 AM)
Insight into the brain's ability to reorganize itselfWhen Geoffrey Murphy, Ph.D., talks about plastic structures, he's not talking about the same thing as Mr. McGuire in The Graduate. To Murphy, an associate professor of molecular and integrative physiology at the University of Michigan Medical School, plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change as we learn.
Murphy's lab, in collaboration with U-M's Neurodevelopment and Regeneration Laboratory run by Jack Parent, M.D., recently showed........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/18/2011 10:13:38 PM)
One step closer to new treatment of C. difficile infectionClostridium difficile is a health problem that affects hundreds of thousands of patients and costs $10 billion to $20 billion every year in North America. Scientists from the University of Calgary and the National Research Council of Canada say they are gaining a deeper understanding of this disease and are closer to developing a novel therapy using antibodies from llamas.
"We have observed that relatively simple antibodies can interfere........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/18/2011 9:06:06 PM)
20th anniversary of first laparoscopic nephrectomySince the first laparoscopic procedure waccording toformed to remove a diseased kidney 20 years ago at Washington University in St. Louis, this breakthrough minimally invasive technique has become the standard of care for surgical nephrectomy. This remarkable achievement is celebrated with a series of cutting-edge articles in Journal of Endourology, a peer-evaluated journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (www.liebertpub.com). The issue is........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/15/2011 10:40:52 PM)
Creativity is an upside to ADHDParents who think that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder makes their kids more creative got a little more scientific support recently.
A newly released study in the Journal of Personality and Individual Differences found adults with ADHD enjoyed more creative achievement than those who didn't have the disorder.
"For the same reason that ADHD might create problems, like distraction, it can also allow an openness to new ideas," says........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/12/2011 11:55:22 PM)
Microbicidal lubricants will help protect from HIVMicrobicides can be used to protect against HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases, either on their own or with the added protection of a condom. New research published by BioMed Central's open access journal AIDS Research and Therapy has investigated the use of lubricants, originally designed for vaginal application, and has developed and tested new, rectal specific, formulations.
Unprotected sex is a main ways that HIV spreads........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/7/2011 7:01:11 AM)
Genetic switch that increases muscle blood supplyA number of people suffer from a devastating condition known as critical limb ischemia (CLI) that can lead to muscle wasting and even amputation. The disease is associated with the blockage of blood flow to the skeletal muscle and current therapy options include rehabilitative exercise and surgical bypass of blood vessels. New preclinical research suggests there appears to be a way to restore blood supply in skeletal muscle without........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/1/2011 9:31:10 PM)
Heart-healthy benefits of chocolateIn time for the chocolate-giving and chocolate-noshing fest on Valentine's Day, researchers are reporting discovery of how this treat boosts the body's production of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) � the "good" form of cholesterol that protects against heart disease. Just as those boxes of chocolates get hearts throbbing and mouths watering, polyphenols in chocolate rev up the activity of certain proteins, including proteins that........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/7/2011 4:16:04 PM)
When It Comes to Quitting SmokingNew research from University of Michigan says brain scans showing neural reactions can predict behavior change even better than the person whose brain is being scanned.
Emily Falk, director of University of Michigan's Communication Neuroscience Laboratory, recently led a study that scanned the brain activity of 28 heavy smokers to investigate whether pro-health messages would have an impact on their ability to quit........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/2/2011 7:54:51 AM)
H1N1 Mortality Not Increased By ObesityNew research suggests that obesity may not influence mortality rates among patients with influenza A(H1N1); however obese patients with the virus may have longer ICU and hospital stays. Scientists from Spain compared mortality rates and hospital/ICU resource consumption between 150 obese patients with influenza A(H1N1) and 266 patients with influenza A(H1N1) who were not obese. Results showed that obese patients were supported by mechanical........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/1/2011 7:26:07 AM)
Vitamin D deficiency and reduced lung functionNew research shows that vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), with the largest prevalence seen in patients with concurrent connective tissue disease (CTD). Scientists from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine reviewed vitamin D levels in 67 patients with CTD-ILD and 51 patients with other forms of ILD. Results showed the overall prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency was........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/1/2011 7:03:42 AM)
Hispanic seniors less likely to be immunized against fluSeniors of Hispanic descent are far less likely to become immunized against the flu or pneumonia in comparison to similar White seniors, as per a new RAND Corporation study.
Scientists observed that Hispanic seniors who prefer speaking Spanish and live in linguistically isolated communities such as the Southeast that are newer immigrant destinations are least likely to be immunized. The findings suggest that such groups should be targeted........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/25/2011 7:57:47 AM)
Synthetic antibodies offers hope for new diagnosticsAntibodies are watchdogs of human health, continuously prowling the body and registering minute changes linked to infection or disease with astonishing acuity. They also serve as biochemical memory banks, faithfully recording information about pathogens they encounter and efficiently storing this data for later use.
Stephen Albert Johnston, Neal Woodbury and their colleagues at the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University have been........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/25/2011 7:52:50 AM)
Impact of Trauma on patients taking warfarinWarfarin use appears to be linked to a significant increase in the risk of death after traumatic injuries, as per a report posted online today that will appear in the May print issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
"The prevalence of warfarin use in the United States is unknown, but the Food and Drug Administration estimates that more than 31 million prescriptions for warfarin were written in 2004," as per........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/18/2011 7:39:23 AM)
Speeding up E. coli detectionA simple, automated method of tracking E. coli uses a laser to detect and monitor the microbe in potentially contaminated bodies of water or waterways. The technique described this month in the International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design could reduce the occurence rate of waterborne disease outbreaks.
Microbial contamination of water is a worldwide environmental and health problem. Water related diseases are the leading........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 9:21:04 PM)
Blood pressure control system found in nephron The kidney is made up of roughly 1 million working units called nephrons. These basic structural units remove waste products from the blood, recycle some substances to be reused and eliminate what is left as urine. The end segment of nephrons, called the distal nephron, helps set blood pressure by controlling the amount of sodium in our blood.
Today researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio reported how this........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 8:59:18 PM)
CT helps identify bullet trajectoriesMultidetector computed tomography (MDCT) provides an efficient, effective way to analyze wounds from bullets and explosive devices, as per a research studypublished online and in the recent issue of Radiology
"The information provided by MDCT has the potential to improve patient care and aid in both military and civilian forensic investigations," said the study's main author, Les R. Folio, D.O., M.P.H., from the Uniformed Services University........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/11/2011 6:14:56 AM)
Circuit connected to chronic lymphocytic leukemiaThe interplay between a major tumor-suppressing gene, a truncated chromosome and two sets of microRNAs provides a molecular basis for explaining the less aggressive form of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, an international team of scientists reports today in the Jan. 4 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association
"Our findings could reveal new mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapy among leukemia patients as this feedback........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 1/10/2011 6:46:12 AM)
A Human Computing Framework for Comparative GenomicsPhylo - A Human Computing Framework for Comparative Genomics is an interactive game that lets you contribute to science. I’ve been playing with that for a while
Genetic sequences are difficult to understand and so to decipher their structure, we need to compare them to detect any similar regions they may have. Similar regions may indicate important elements of our genetic code. We have several genomes to align and we........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/9/2011 9:45:16 PM)
Thinking about weight loss surgery? gastric band can be helpful in reducing the amount of food someone eats, thereby contributing significantly to weight loss. The procedure is normally carried out using keyhole surgery, with a band (or belt) being placed around the top portion of your stomach. This means you feel “full” after eating only a small portion of food.
There are three major advantages to using a gastric band:
It’s adjustable – so you and your doctor can control........Go to this post (Added on 1/6/2011 11:10:07 PM)
Two doses of chickenpox vaccine protect childrenTwo doses of the varicella, or chickenpox, vaccine provide excellent protection in children against this highly contagious and, in some cases, severe disease. To be reported in the February 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, the findings support the two-dose vaccine regimen recommended in the United States since 2006. (Please see below for a link to the study online.).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/5/2011 6:42:41 AM)
Structure of Key Molecule in Immune System- A team from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Utrecht University has deciphered a key step in an evolutionarily old branch of the immune response. This system, called complement, comprises a network of proteins that "complement" the work of antibodies in destroying foreign invaders. It serves as a rapid defense mechanism in most species from primitive sponges to humans.
As per a research findings reported in the........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/29/2010 7:04:56 AM)
Link between depression and inflammatory responseanderbilt University scientists may have found a clue to the blues that can come with the flu � depression appears to be triggered by the same mechanisms that enable the immune system to respond to infection.
In a study in the recent issue of Neuropsychopharmacology, Chong-Bin Zhu, M.D., Ph.D., Randy Blakely, Ph.D., William Hewlett, M.D., Ph.D., and his colleagues activated the immune system in mice to produce "despair-like" behavior that........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/21/2010 6:47:05 AM)
Quitting menthol cigarettes may be harderMenthol cigarettes appears to be harder to quit, especially for some teens and African-Americans, who have the highest menthol cigarette use, as per a research studyby a team of researchers.
Recent studies have consistently observed that racial/ethnic minority smokers of menthol cigarettes have a lower quit rate than comparable smokers of regular cigarettes, especially among younger smokers.
One possible reason suggested in the report is........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/21/2010 6:13:56 AM)
SIDS spikes on New Year's Dayot a happy holiday thought, but an important one: The number of babies who die of SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome, surges by 33 percent on New Year's Day. The suspected reason? Alcohol consumption by caretakers the night before.
Led by sociologist David Phillips of the University of California, San Diego, the study documenting the dramatic rise in SIDS deaths on New Year's is reported in the journal Addiction The spike, write Phillips........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/16/2010 7:25:14 AM)
Once upon a time in the Intensive Care Unit ....The first few days after birth is an important time when babies learn to recognize the sound of their parents' voice and the parents in turn bond with their children. However, the separation between parents and newborns admitted to the intensive care unit can be very difficult and can disrupt the early development of this relationship.
Jan Lariviere, a nurse in the neonatal clinic and the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at The Montreal........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/15/2010 7:27:34 AM)
Umbilical cord blood cells and maturation of key brain cellsaboratory culture (in vitro) studies examining the activity of human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCB) on experimental models of central nervous system aging, injury and disease, have shown that HUCBs provide a 'trophic effect' (nutritional effect) that enhances survival and maturation of hippocampal neurons harvested from both young and old laboratory animals.
"As we age, cognitive function tends to decline," said Alison E. Willing, PhD, a........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/15/2010 7:17:32 AM)
Myelin Influences How Brain Cells Send SignalsThe development of a new cell-culture system that mimics how specific nerve cell fibers in the brain become coated with protective myelin opens up new avenues of research about multiple sclerosis. Initial findings suggest that myelin regulates a key protein involved in sending long-distance signals.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by damage to the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers. The cause remains........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 7/21/2011 10:34:02 PM)
Death rates from colorectal cancerImprovements in colorectal cancer mortality rates are concentrated in the northern part of the United States, while southern states continue to fall behind, as per a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Ahmedin Jemal, D.V.M., Ph.D., vice president for surveillance research at the American Cancer Society, said the decrease in death rates ranged from about 37 percent........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 7/7/2011 9:00:32 AM)
Electronic medical records lower infant mortalityExpanded use of electronic medical records would substantially reduce infant mortality in the U.S., as per a research studyforthcoming in the Journal of Political Economy..
A 10 percent increase in hospital use of basic electronic records would save 16 babies for every 100,000 live births, the study found. A complete national transition to electronic records would save an estimated 6,400 infants each year in the U.S.
A number of health........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 5/19/2011 8:47:23 AM)
Care when prescribing novel antiviral HCV drugsData presented at the International Liver CongressTM highlight the fact that new novel antiviral compounds for the therapy of hepatitis C virus (HCV) must be prescribed and monitored by experts and specialists to ensure resistance is minimised.1,2,3,4,5,6.
Several studies observed the rapid onset of HCV resistance in patients treated with NS3-protease, NS5b-polymerase and NS5a inhibitors. Eventhough these direct anti-virals are effective in........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 4/3/2011 9:42:53 AM)
Enzyme essential for healthy lung development Investigators at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have provided the first evidence that Eya1 protein phosphatase is a crucial regulator of the development of embryonic lung epithelial stem cells.
The correct functioning of lung epithelium is essential to life. Cellular polarity of lung epithelial cells, meaning that they have an asymmetrical orientation or a front and back, is crucial. Dysregulation of cell........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/30/2011 7:10:11 AM)
New target for treatment of multiple sclerosisThe immune system recognizes and neutralizes or destroys toxins and foreign pathogens that have gained access to the body. Autoimmune diseases result when the system attacks the body's own tissues instead. One of the most common examples is multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is a serious condition in which nerve-cell projections, or axons, in the brain and the spinal cord are destroyed as a result of misdirected inflammatory reactions. It is often........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/28/2011 7:20:16 AM)
Understanding of male pubertyResearchers from Monash University have uncovered a new understanding of how male puberty begins.
The key to their findings lies with a protein known as SMAD3 and the rate at which it is produced.
Researchers, Associate Professor Kate Loveland and Dr Catherine Itman from the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences have discovered through laboratory testing that half as much SMAD3 protein results in faster maturation than the........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/18/2011 10:27:18 PM)
Candidate for new TB vaccineResearchers have discovered a protein secreted by tuberculosis (TB) bacteria that could be a promising new vaccine candidate, they report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences The protein could also be used to improve diagnosis of TB.
TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), which infects the lungs and spreads through the air as a result of coughing. There are 9 million new cases of TB each year,........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/18/2011 9:00:36 PM)
New Vaccine Candidate For NorovirusResearchers have shown that an experimental vaccine against the human norovirus - the bug behind about 90 percent of highly contagious nonbacterial illnesses that cause diarrhea and vomiting - can generate a strong immune response in mice without appearing to cause the animals any harm.
Using a novel viral vector-based method to grow and deliver the vaccine that has shown promise in other agents designed to fight such infections as HIV and........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/15/2011 10:46:52 PM)
Why Severity of Infection variesProviding clues into why the severity of a common parasitic infection can vary greatly from person to person, a new Johns Hopkins study shows that each one of three strains of the cat-borne parasite Toxoplasma gondii sets off a unique reaction in the nerve cells it invades.
Past research suggests that the parasite, estimated to infect 25 percent of people worldwide, can trigger or exacerbate psychotic symptoms and schizophrenia in........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/15/2011 8:02:38 AM)
Giving Voice to Stroke PatientsA Virginia Tech College of Engineering researcher is seeking a new way to help those who are unable to speak to find their voice.
But, this isn't "The King's Speech," the Academy Award-winning film about a British royal undergoing speech treatment to battle a stammer. Instead, Alexander Leonessa wants to help bring back the voice of stroke patients and others who have suffered paralysis of the vocal folds, through electrical stimulation.
........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/10/2011 7:46:58 AM)
Macular Degeneration Surgery Is a Treatment OptionIf macular degeneration surgery has been suggested by your doctor, it can be a time of apprehension for many patients. Thinking about surgery on the eye can be very scary and there are a lot of risks involved with any type o eye surgery. Knowledge is the tool that can relieve your fears.
Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness and this is why you want to take any treatment very seriously. The health of your eyes........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 3/5/2011 5:02:41 PM)
Immune Cells Protect Body from InvadersSo-called barrier sites -- the skin, gut, lung - limit the inner body's exposure to allergens, pollutants, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Understanding how the immune system works in these external surfaces has implications for understanding such inflammatory diseases as asthma, psoriasis, IBD, and food allergies, all of which occur at the body's barriers.
David Artis, PhD, professor of Microbiology at the University of Pennsylvania........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/7/2011 4:10:03 PM)
Discovery of jumping gene clusterSince the days of Darwin, the "tree of life" has been the preeminent metaphor for the process of evolution, reflecting the gradual branching and changing of individual species.
The discovery that a large cluster of genes appears to have jumped directly from one species of fungus to another, however, significantly strengthens the argument that a different metaphor, such as a mosaic, appears to be more appropriate.
"The fungi are telling us........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/5/2011 7:14:35 AM)
Pitt team grows arteries with most elastic proteinUniversity of Pittsburgh scientists have grown arteries that exhibit the elasticity of natural blood vessels at the highest levels reported, a development that could overcome a major barrier to creating living-tissue replacements for damaged arteries, the team reports in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The team used smooth muscle cells from adult baboons to produce the first arteries grown outside the body that contain a........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 2/1/2011 7:57:16 AM)
Biomarkers of poor outcomes in preemiesScientists at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have identified biomarkers of poor outcomes in preterm infants that may help identify new approaches to prevention.
Ardythe Morrow, PhD, a researcher at the Cincinnati Children's Perinatal Institute, has identified a polymorphism � a variant in a particular DNA sequence � in a gene important to the development of the immune system. She observed that this polymorphism raises the........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/28/2011 7:40:51 AM)
Caffeine energizes cells, boosting virus production for gene therapyGive caffeine to cells engineered to produce viruses used for gene treatment and the cells can generate 3- to 8-times more virus, as per a paper published in Human Gene Therapy, a peer-evaluated journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (www.liebertpub.com). The paper is available free online at www.liebertpub.com/hum.
This simple and inexpensive strategy for increasing lentivirus production was developed by Brian Ellis, Patrick Ryan........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/26/2011 7:05:07 AM)
Developing national guidelines for osteoporosisThe American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) has released new medical guidelines for the diagnosis and therapy of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Loyola doctor Pauline Camacho, MD, was part of a committee that developed the guidelines to manage this major public health issue.
These recommendations were developed to reduce the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures and improve the quality of life for patients. They explain new........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/25/2011 7:17:35 AM)
New Tool for Cell ResearchAdvancements in understanding rotational motion in living cells may help scientists shed light on the causes of deadly diseases, such as Alzheimer's, as per Ning Fang, an associate scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and faculty member at Iowa State University.
In an article entitled "Resolving Rotational Motions of Nano-objects in Engineered Environments and Live Cells with Gold Nanorods and Differential........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 10:13:13 PM)
Measles virus plays role in Paget's disease of bon gene from the measles virus plays a key role in the development of Paget's disease of bone, as per a team of scientists led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Their findings, recently published in Cell Metabolism, confirm a long-held speculation that the childhood infection is an environmental trigger for the disease and reveal how the viral gene contributes to the development of its characteristic bone lesions.
"Our........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 9:06:39 PM)
Enhanced early childhood education pays long-term Intensive early education programs for low-income children have been shown to yield numerous educational benefits, but few studies have looked more broadly at their impact on health and health behaviors. A newly released study conducted by scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health examines this issue, using data from a the well-known Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC), a randomized control study that enrolled 111........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 9:05:29 PM)
Writing About Anxiety Helps Students Ace ExamsSian Beilock, main author of a newly released study that appears today in the journal Science, says writing about test-related worries for ten minutes immediately before taking an exam is an effective way to improve test scores in classroom settings.
"By writing down one's negative thoughts, students may come to realize that the situation is not as bad as they thought or that they are prepared to take it on," said Beilock, an........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 10:42:06 AM)
Geography plays key role in colon cancer screeningNew research from UC Davis Cancer Center has observed that whether a person gets screened for colon cancer often depends on where they live in addition to their race or ethnicity.
It has long been known that racial minorities have lower colorectal screening rates than whites, presumably because of differences in socioeconomic status, access to care and cultural issues. What hasn't been known, until now, is whether these differences also vary........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/10/2011 6:19:13 AM)
Lab-on-a-chip for fast, inexpensive blood testsWhile most blood tests require shipping a vial of blood to a laboratory for analysis and waiting several days for the results, a new device invented by a team of engineers and students at the University of Rhode Island uses just a pinprick of blood in a portable device that provides results in less than 30 minutes.
"This development is a big step in point-of-care diagnostics, where testing can be performed in a clinic, in a doctor's office,........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/10/2011 6:16:41 AM)
Vaccine that produces strong immunity against cocaine highScientists from The Scripps Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Cornell University have produced a long-lasting anti-cocaine immunity in mice by giving them a unique vaccine that combines bits of the common cold virus with a particle that mimics cocaine.
In their study, published January 4, 2011, in the advanced online edition of Molecular Therapy, the scientists say this novel strategy might be the first to offer cocaine........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/5/2011 6:53:31 AM)
Extreme obesity and risk of death for H1N1 patientsFor those infected with the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus, extreme obesity was a powerful risk factor for death, as per an analysis of a public health surveillance database. In a study to be reported in the February 1, 2011, issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, scientists associated extreme obesity with a nearly three-fold increased odds of death from 2009 H1N1 influenza. Half of Californians greater than 20 years of age hospitalized........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/5/2011 6:40:32 AM)
Dozens of genes for adult heightAs much as 90 percent of variation in adult height appears to be caused by genetic inheritance, but a multitude of genes are involved. Most of these have yet to be discovered.
Now a new meta-analysis of data from more than 100,000 people has identified variants in over two dozen genes that were not previously linked to height. The study also confirmed genetic associations in more than 30 previously known height genes. "Eventhough the........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 1/4/2011 6:26:54 AM)
Some brain tumors mimic the genetic programesearchers at IRB Barcelona have discovered that some brain tumours in larvae of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster use the genetic programme of germline cells to grow. The removal of some of these genes leads to healthy brains. This finding demonstrates that these genes are crucial for tumour development. The study, headed by ICREA researcher Cayetano Gonz�lez, is published recently in the prestigious journal Science
One of the........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/24/2010 12:04:53 AM)
The genetic basis of brain diseasesIn research published recently, researchers have studied human brain samples to isolate a set of proteins that accounts for over 130 brain diseases. The paper also shows an intriguing link between diseases and the evolution of the human brain.
Brain diseases are the leading cause of medical disability in the developed world as per the World Health Organisation and the economic costs in the USA exceeds $300 billion.
The brain is the most........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/19/2010 8:38:55 PM)
Compound with Potent Effects on Biological ClockThe scientists discovered longdaysin by screening thousands of compounds with a chemical robot.
Using an automated screening technique developed by pharmaceutical companies to find new drugs, a team of scientists from UC San Diego and three other research institutions has discovered a molecule with the most potent effects ever seen on the biological clock.
Dubbed by the researchers "longdaysin," for its ability to dramatically slow down........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/16/2010 7:59:40 AM)
Cell of origin for brain tumorsor patients with glioma, the most common primary brain tumor, new findings may explain why current therapies fail to eradicate the cancer. A UCSF-led team of researchers has identified for the first time that progenitor rather than neural stem cells underly a type of glioma called oligodendroglioma. This distinction explains why oligodendroglioma is more responsive to treatment than other brain tumors such as glioblastoma multiforme.
The........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/15/2010 7:22:32 AM)
Expensive wait for hip replacementsatients who suffer from anxiety and depression are more likely to report worse results after a hip replacement. A year-long wait for the operation also entails significant costs to both society and the individual, reveals a new thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Drawing on around 40,000 responses from patients selected from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, the thesis looks at how hip replacement patients perceive their........Go to the Health-blog (Added on 12/15/2010 7:20:22 AM)